Dissection of DIAP1 functional domains via a mutant replacement strategy

Takakazu Yokokura, Doug Dresnek, Neda Huseinovic, Simonetta Lisi, Eltyeb Abdelwahid, Peter Bangs, Kristin White*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

Inhibitor of apoptosis proteins (IAPs) act as endogenous inhibitors of active caspases. Drosophila IAP1 (DIAP1) activity is required to keep cells from undergoing apoptosis. The central cell death regulators Reaper and Hid induce apoptosis very rapidly by inhibiting DIAP1 function. We have developed a system for replacing endogenous DIAP1 with mutant forms of the protein, allowing us to examine the roles of various domains of the protein in living and dying cells. We found that DIAP1 is cleaved by a caspase early after the initiation of apoptosis. This cleavage is required for DIAP1 degradation, but Rpr and Hid can still initiate apoptosis in the absence of cleavage. The cleavage of DIAP1 promotes DIAP1 degradation in a manner dependent on the function of the ubiquitin ligase function of the DIAP1 ring domain. This ring domain function is required for Hid-induced apoptosis. We propose a model that synthesizes our data with those of other laboratories and provide a consistent model for DIAP1 function in living and dying cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)52603-52612
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume279
Issue number50
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 10 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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