When spread as a monolayer on the surface of hydrophobic beads and injected into mice, the mycobacterial glycolipid, trehalose 6,6′-dimycolate, reproduces the biologic effects traditionally associated with virulent mycobacteria, including acute inflammation, granuloma formation, and immune adjuvancy. Repeated intraperitoneal injection of glycolipid-coated beads into young rmC57B1 6 mice elicits a granulomatous peritonitis, with concomitant dissemination of beads from the peritoneum to distant organs. Glycolipid-coated beads which disseminate from the peritoneum to other sites elicit neither acute inflammation nor granulomata. The coagulation system may be involved in the dissemination of glycolipid-coated beads as evidenced by the following: (1) fibrinogen is a necessary cofactor of the trehalose dimycolate monolayer; (2) diffuse peritoneal and pulmonary hemorrhage accompanies bead dissemination; (3) peritoneal exudate collected shortly after intraperitoneal injection of glycolipid-coated beads is enriched in coagulant activity; (4) coagulability of blood from trehalose dimycolate-treated animals is reduced; and (5) anticoagulation inhibits the inflammatory response to glycolipid-coated beads. In this report, the dissemination of trehalose dimycolate-coated beads is characterized, and a role for the coagulation system in this process is proposed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Molecular Biology
- Clinical Biochemistry