Distinct Murine Mucosal Langerhans Cell Subsets Develop from Pre-dendritic Cells and Monocytes

Tal Capucha, Gabriel Mizraji, Hadas Segev, Ronnie Blecher-Gonen, Deborah Winter, Abed Khalaileh, Yaara Tabib, Tsipora Attal, Maria Nassar, Katya Zelentsova, Hen Kisos, Martin Zenke, Kristin Seré, Thomas Hieronymus, Tal Burstyn-Cohen, Ido Amit, Asaf Wilensky, Avi Hai Hovav*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations

Abstract

Langerhans cells (LCs) populate the mucosal epithelium, a major entry portal for pathogens, yet their ontogeny remains unclear. We found that, in contrast to skin LCs originating from self-renewing radioresistant embryonic precursors, oral mucosal LCs derive from circulating radiosensitive precursors. Mucosal LCs can be segregated into CD103+CD11blo (CD103+) and CD11b+CD103- (CD11b+) subsets. We further demonstrated that similar to non-lymphoid dendritic cells (DCs), CD103+ LCs originate from pre-DCs, whereas CD11b+ LCs differentiate from both pre-DCs and monocytic precursors. Despite this ontogenetic discrepancy between skin and mucosal LCs, the transcriptomic signature and immunological function of oral LCs highly resemble those of skin LCs but not DCs. These findings, along with the epithelial position, morphology, and expression of the LC-associated phenotype strongly suggest that oral mucosal LCs are genuine LCs. Collectively, in a tissue-dependent manner, murine LCs differentiate from at least three distinct precursors (embryonic, pre-DC, and monocytic) in steady state. Although the ontogeny of skin Langerhans cells (LCs) has been reported, the origin of mucosal LCs remains unclear. Hovav and colleagues demonstrate that LCs residing in mucosal epithelia arise from circulating pre-DCs and monocytic precursors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number3135
Pages (from-to)369-381
Number of pages13
JournalImmunity
Volume43
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 18 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Infectious Diseases

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