We studied three groups of Israeli Jewish schoolchildren in and surrounding Petach Tikva, Israel, cross-sectionally, at ages 9-10, 13-14, and 16-18 years, and compared lipid and lipoprotein levels and age-associated lipoprotein patterns in the same age groups of boys and girls in neighboring Israeli Moslem Arab schools during 1986-1987. Moslem children displayed striking differences in the levels of lipids and age-associated patterns of lipoproteins compared with Jewish schoolchildren. The mean total cholesterol levels were lower in the Moslem children, in both sexes, in every age grouping. High density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) levels were significantly higher at age 16-18 in the Moslem boys than in the Jewish boys. While the Jewish boys displayed a previously reported "typical" pattern of lower HDL-C levels postpuberty compared with prepuberty, the Moslem boys had markedly higher mean HDL-C levels at age 16-18 compared with those at age 9-10. The Moslem girls also had higher HDL-C levels at age 16-18 than those observed in the age 9-10 group. Concomitantly higher HDL-C levels (HDL-C/total cholesterol (%)) were seen in the Moslem boys and girls, at age 16-18 compared with age 9-10, but were not observed in the Jewish children. The identification of an ethnic group in whom HDL-C appears to increase at or near puberty could provide opportunities to elucidate factors that may increase HDL-C in individuals or in populations.
|Number of pages
|American journal of epidemiology
|Published - Mar 1 1993
- Ethnic groups
ASJC Scopus subject areas