To clarify the role of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) in the inflammatory aspects of autoimmunity vs its potential role in the apoptotic elimination of auto-reactive effector cells, we assessed the roles of the p55 (TNFR1/Tnfrsf1a/CD120a) and p75 (TNFR2/ Tnfrsf1b/CD120b) TNF receptors in the pathogenesis of MOG35-55-induced experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). TNFR p55/p75(-/-) double knockout mice were completely resistant to clinical disease. TNFR p55(-/-) single knockout mice were also totally resistant to EAE, exhibiting reduced MOG35-55-specific proliferative responses and Th1 cytokine production, despite displaying equivalent DTH responses. Importantly, IL-5 was significantly increased in p55(-/-) mice. In contrast, p75(-/-) knockout mice exhibited exacerbated EAE, enhanced Th1 cytokine production, and enhanced CD4+ and F4/80+ CNS infiltration. Thus, p55/TNFR1 is required for the initiation of pathologic disease, whereas p75/TNFR2 may be important in regulating the immune response. These results have important implications for therapies targeting p55 and p75 receptors for treating autoimmune diseases. (C) 2000 Academic Press.
- TNF receptor
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