Neuronal death affects selectively granule cell precursors of the cerebellum and the dopaminergic neurons of midbrain in the weaver mutant mouse. The weaver phenotype is associated with a missense mutation in the gene coding for the GIRK2 potassium channel, which results in chronic depolarization. Using DNA gel electrophoresis, electron microscopy (EM), the in situ end-labelling (ISEL) technique at the light and EM level, and immunohistochemistry for apoptosis-related proteins c-Jun and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), we have investigated the mechanisms of cell death in cerebellum and substantia nigra. Between postnatal day P1 and P21, in the external germinal layer of the cerebellum, most degenerating granule cell precursors were found to aggregate to form clusters. Degenerating cells exhibited strong nuclear staining for ISEL, c-Jun, and PCNA and had a typical apoptotic morphology by EM. Increased c-Jun and ISEL staining were also occasionally seen in Purkinje cells. Between P14 and P21, when dopaminergic neurons start to degenerate, staining for ISEL, c-Jun, and PCNA in weaver substantia nigra was the same as in controls. By EM, however, we found only in weaver mice numerous dopaminergic cells that showed extensive vacuolar and autophagic changes of cytoplasm, preservation of membrane and organelle integrity, and absence of chromatin condensation or DNA fragmentation by EM- ISEL. The combination of vacuolar and autophagic changes identifies a novel type of non-necrotic, nonapoptotic cell death. After biochemical analysis of DNA, a clear-cut laddering, suggestive of oligonucleosomal fragmentation, was present in samples from weaver cerebellum. Cell death diversity appears to be influenced by specific features of target cells. These findings may be relevant for understanding the mechanisms of cell death in neurodegenerative diseases.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||American Journal of Pathology|
|State||Published - Dec 1997|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine