Diversity in the biomedical research workforce: Developing talent

Richard McGee, Suman Saran, Terry A. Krulwich*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

63 Scopus citations

Abstract

Much has been written about the need for and barriers to achievement of greater diversity in the biomedical workforce from the perspectives of gender, race, and ethnicity; this is not a new topic. These discussions often center around a ''pipeline''metaphor that imagines students flowing through a series of experiences to eventually arrive at a science career. Here we argue that diversity will only be achieved if the primary focus is on (1) what is happening within the pipeline, not just counting individuals entering and leaving it; (2) de-emphasizing the achievement of academic milestones by typical ages; and (3) adopting approaches that most effectively develop talent. Students may develop skills at different rates based on factors such as earlier access to educational resources, exposure to science (especially research experiences), and competing demands for time and attention during high school and college. Therefore, there is wide variety among students at any point along the pipeline. Taking this view requires letting go of imagining the pipeline as a sequence of age-dependent steps in favor of milestones of skill and talent development decoupled from age or educational stage. Emphasizing talent development opens up many new approaches for science training outside of traditional degree programs. This article provides examples of such approaches, including interventions at the postbaccalaureate and PhD levels, as well as a novel coaching model that incorporates well-established social science theories and complements traditional mentoring. These approaches could significantly impact diversity by developing scientific talent, especially among currently underrepresented minorities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)397-411
Number of pages15
JournalMount Sinai Journal of Medicine
Volume79
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2012

Keywords

  • Biomedical diversity
  • Coaching
  • Graduate school
  • Individualized development plan
  • Intervention
  • Mentoring
  • Postdoctoral researchers
  • Social cognitive career theory
  • Underrepresented minorities

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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