Do African American Mothers Really "Love" Their Sons and "Raise" Their Daughters?

Jelani Mandara*, Fatima Varner, Scott Richman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

48 Scopus citations


This study assessed 1500 adolescents from the National Longitudinal Study of Youth to test the hypothesis that African American mothers differentially socialize their girls and boys. The results showed that later-born boys had fewer chores, argued more with their mothers, lived in less cognitively stimulating homes, and were not allowed to make the same decisions as were the girls or firstborn boys at the same age. The later-born boys were also lowest in achievement and highest in externalizing behaviors. Parenting differences accounted for the achievement differences but not for the externalizing behavior differences. It was concluded that the later-born boys would achieve at the same rates as their siblings if they were socialized in the same manner as their siblings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)41-50
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Family Psychology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 1 2010


  • African-American families
  • adolescent behavior
  • differential treatment
  • gender differences
  • parenting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Psychology


Dive into the research topics of 'Do African American Mothers Really "Love" Their Sons and "Raise" Their Daughters?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this