Do co-morbidities and cognition impact functional change and discharge needs in Parkinson disease?

Christina M. Marciniak, Clara M. Choo, Santiago D. Toledo, Patrick E. Semik, Andrea L. Aegesen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: The aim of this study was to assess the impact of cognition, baseline motor function, and co-morbid medical conditions on functional change, discharge destination, and discharge needs in patients admitted to acute rehabilitation for Parkinson-related impairments. Design: This retrospective chart review study evaluated the records of patients admitted to acute rehabilitation over a 5-yr period with a primary impairment category of parkinsonism. Functional status was measured at admission and discharge; 3-mo follow-up function was also collected in a sample of discharged patients. Results: Eighty-nine patients (mean age, 74.26 yrs) were admitted over the 5-yr time frame. A more complicated Medicare tier diagnosis (tier 2) was associated with lower total and motor score Functional Independence Measure gains compared with tier 3 (P = 0.009 and P = 0.016, respectively). Cognitive scores at admission were not related to need for caregivers upon discharge. Overall Functional Independence Measure gain (adjusted R = 0.073, P = 0.006) and Functional Independence Measure gain efficiency (adjusted R = 0.142, P < 0.001) inversely correlated with age. At the 3-mo follow-up, a random sample (38%) of patients contacted postdischarge demonstrated continued improvements. Conclusions: Significant improvement may be seen after acute rehabilitation in patients with Parkinson disease, irrespective of cognitive impairment. More complicated medical tier diagnoses result in less Functional Independence Measure gain, and older individuals with Parkinson disease are more likely to show less functional change. However, functional improvements are still statistically significant.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)272-280
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Volume90
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2011

Keywords

  • Cognition
  • Parkinson Disease
  • Physical Therapy
  • Rehabilitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
  • Rehabilitation

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