Do Dedicated Research Years during Medical School Predict Academic Productivity during Residency?

Sarah A. Applebaum, Jenna R. Stoehr, Jonathan T. Bacos, Elbert E. Vaca, Joseph Lopez, Yuyang Chu, Arun K. Gosain*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Background: Evidence regarding whether medical school research portends resident research is limited. This information will provide program directors with data that may be useful for selecting applicants with a commitment to continued academic productivity. Methods: A questionnaire distributed via the American Society of Plastic Surgeons Resident Council to residents in 44 plastic surgery training programs in May 2020 assessed participation in dedicated research years during medical school, the number of publications completed before residency, and the total number of publications by each resident at the time of the survey. One-way ANOVA and post hoc analysis determined significant associations between publication count and number of research years. Results: Of the 256 included respondents, 203 did not complete a research year during medical school, 44 completed 1 research year, and nine completed 2 research years. Mean publications before residency were higher for participants who took 1 or 2 research years (9.88 and 27.60, respectively) compared with those who did not (4.83, P < 0.001). A comparison of total publications during residency similarly revealed increased productivity by individuals who took 1 or more research years; however, there was no difference between the number of publications completed during residency for individuals who took 1 versus 2 years (P = 0.23). Conclusions: Residents with research experience during medical school continue to produce an increased number of publications during residency compared with those without, suggesting dedicated research years taken during medical school serve as a predictor of academic productivity in plastic surgery residents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E3849
JournalPlastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Global Open
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 19 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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