Purpose: To investigate the association of sarcopenia (muscle mass wasting) with complications and survival in patients undergoing radical nephrectomy for advanced kidney cancer. Patients and Methods: We identified 137 patients with stage III and IV kidney cancer who underwent radical nephrectomy between 2008 and 2012. Preoperative cross-sectional imaging was used to measure total psoas area (TPA) at the level of L3 and controlled for height (m2). Sarcopenia was identified as TPA in the lowest gender-specific quartile. Patient characteristics and postoperative complications were compared between sarcopenic and nonsarcopenic patients. Kaplan-Meier survival curve estimates were generated for overall and gender-specific survival. Results: Preoperative cross-sectional imaging was available for 128 patients (93%, 85 men and 43 women). Mean TPA for men was 5.49 cm2/m2 versus 4.27 cm2/m2 for women (P < 0.05). Sarcopenia was associated with risk of Clavien grade III or higher complication (P = 0.03) and node-positive disease (P = 0.01). Median follow-up was 48.3 months. Kaplan-Meier estimates of overall and gender-specific survival were similar between sarcopenic and nonsarcopenic patients. Conclusion: Sarcopenia appears to be associated with risk of major complication after radical nephrectomy for advanced kidney cancer. It was not related to overall survival, however. This preoperative imaging tool may be helpful in preoperative counseling and preparation.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Endourology|
|State||Published - Feb 2016|
ASJC Scopus subject areas