DOES SCREENING with the MDQ and EPDS IMPROVE IDENTIFICATION of BIPOLAR DISORDER in AN OBSTETRICAL SAMPLE?

Crystal T. Clark*, Dorothy K Y Sit, Kara Driscoll, Heather F. Eng, Andrea L. Confer, James F. Luther, Stephen R. Wisniewski, Katherine L. Wisner

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Women with bipolar disorder (BD) are at high risk for postpartum affective episodes and psychosis. Although validated screening tools are available for postpartum unipolar depression, few screening tools for hypomania/mania exist. Screening tools for BD in the postpartum period are essential for improving detection and planning appropriate treatment. We evaluated whether adding the Mood Disorders Questionnaire (MDQ) to the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) increased the identification of BD in the early postpartum period. Methods Women (N = 1,279) who delivered a live infant and screened positive on the EPDS and/or MDQ at 4-6 weeks postbirth were invited to undergo an in-home Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID). Results Positive EPDS and/or MDQ screens occurred in 12% of the sample (n = 155). In home SCID diagnostic interviews were completed in 93 (60%) of the mothers with positive screens. BD was the primary diagnosis in 37% (n = 34). Women with BD screened positive on the EPDS and/or MDQ as follows: EPDS+/MDQ+ (n = 14), EPDS+/MDQ- (n = 17), and EPDS-/MDQ+ (n = 3). The MDQ identified 50% (17/34) of the women with BD and 6 additional cases of BD when the MDQ question regarding how impaired the mother perceived herself was excluded from the screen criterion. Conclusion Addition of the MDQ to the EPDS improved the distinction of unipolar depression from bipolar depression at the level of screening in 50% of women with traditional MDQ scoring and by nearly 70% when the MDQ was scored without the impairment criterion.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)518-526
Number of pages9
JournalDepression and anxiety
Volume32
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2015

Keywords

  • bipolar
  • depression
  • manic-depressive
  • postnatal
  • postpartum
  • screening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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