DOHaD at the intersection of maternal immune activation and maternal metabolic stress: A scoping review

J. A. Goldstein, S. A. Norris, D. M. Aronoff*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

The prenatal environment is now recognized as a key driver of non-communicable disease risk later in life. Within the developmental origins of health and disease (DOHaD) paradigm, studies are increasingly identifying links between maternal morbidity during pregnancy and disease later in life for offspring. Nutrient restriction, metabolic disorders during gestation, such as diabetes or obesity, and maternal immune activation provoked by infection have been linked to adverse health outcomes for offspring later in life. These factors frequently co-occur, but the potential for compounding effects of multiple morbidities on DOHaD-related outcomes has not received adequate attention. This is of particular importance in low- or middle-income countries (LMICs), which have ongoing high rates of infectious diseases and are now experiencing transitions from undernutrition to excess adiposity. The purpose of this scoping review is to summarize studies examining the effect and interaction of co-occurring metabolic or nutritional stressors and infectious diseases during gestation on DOHaD-related health outcomes. We identified nine studies in humans - four performed in the United States and five in LMICs. The most common outcome, also in seven of nine studies, was premature birth or low birth weight. We identified nine animal studies, six in mice, two in rats and one in sheep. The interaction between metabolic/nutritional exposures and infectious exposures had varying effects including synergism, inhibition and independent actions. No human studies were specifically designed to assess the interaction of metabolic/nutritional exposures and infectious diseases. Future studies of neonatal outcomes should measure these exposures and explicitly examine their concerted effect.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)273-283
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
Volume8
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2017

Keywords

  • child growth and health
  • obesity
  • outcome/system
  • pregnancy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

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