Dopant site selectivity in BaCe 0.85M 0.15O 3-δ by extended x-ray absorption fine structure

J. Wu*, S. M. Webb, S. Brennan, S. M. Haile

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


Rare earth doped BaCeO3 has been widely investigated as a proton conducting material. Trivalent dopants are generally assumed to fully occupy the Ce4+ -site, and thereby introduce oxygen vacancies into the perovskite structure. Recent studies indicate the possibility of partial dopant incorporation onto the Ba2+ -site concomitant with BaO evaporation, reducing the oxygen vacancy content. Because proton incorporation requires, as a first step, the generation of oxygen vacancies such dopant partitioning is detrimental to protonic conductivity. A quantitative Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structure (EXAFS) study of BaCe0.85M0.15O3-δ (M=Yb,Gd) is presented here along with complementary x-ray powder diffraction and electron probe chemical analyses. The EXAFS results demonstrate that as much as 4.6% of the ytterbium and 7.2% of the gadolinium intended for incorporation onto the Ce site, in fact, resides on the Ba site. The results are in qualitative agreement with the diffraction and chemical analyses, which additionally show an even greater extent of Nd incorporation on the Ba site.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number054101
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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