Dose-dependent effects of lesogaberan on reflux measures in patients with refractory gastroesophageal reflux disease: A randomized, placebo-controlled study

Philip B. Miner*, Debra G. Silberg, Magnus Ruth, Frank Miller, John Pandolfino

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The γ-aminobutyric acid type B-receptor agonist lesogaberan (AZD3355) has been developed for use in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) symptoms despite proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy (partial responders). This study aimed to explore the dose-response effect of lesogaberan on reflux episodes in partial responders. Methods: In this randomized, single-centre, double-blind, crossover, placebo-controlled study, partial responders taking optimised PPI therapy were given 30, 90, 120 and 240 mg doses of lesogaberan. Each dose was given twice (12 h apart) during a 24-h period, during which impedance-pH measurements were taken. Results: Twenty-five patients were included in the efficacy analysis and 27 in the safety analysis. The effect of lesogaberan on the mean number of reflux episodes was dose-dependent, and all doses significantly reduced the mean number of reflux episodes relative to placebo. Lesogaberan also dose-dependently reduced the mean number of acid reflux episodes (except the 30 mg dose) and weakly acid reflux episodes (all doses) significantly, relative to placebo. Regardless of dose, lesogaberan had a similar effect on the percentage of time with esophageal pH < 4 [mean reduction: 68.5% (30 mg), 54.2% (90 mg), 65.9% (120 mg), 72.1% (240 mg); p < 0.05 except 90 mg dose]. No adverse events led to discontinuation and no serious adverse events occurred during active treatment. Conclusions: Lesogaberan inhibited reflux in a dose-dependent manner in partial responders taking optimised PPI therapy, and these effects were significant versus placebo. All lesogaberan doses were well tolerated and were not associated with clinically relevant adverse events. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01043185.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number188
JournalBMC Gastroenterology
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 18 2014

Keywords

  • Clinical study
  • Dose-response
  • GABA-B agonist
  • Gastroesophageal reflux
  • Lower esophageal sphincter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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