Dose prescription and reporting in stereotactic body radiotherapy: A multi-institutional study

Indra J. Das*, Poonam Yadav, Aaron D. Andersen, Zhe Jay Chen, Long Huang, Mark P. Langer, Choonik Lee, Lin Li, Richard A. Popple, Roger K. Rice, Peter B. Schiff, Timothy C. Zhu, Mohamed E. Abazeed

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background and purpose: Radiation dose prescriptions are foundational for optimizing treatment efficacy and limiting treatment-related toxicity. We sought to assess the lack of standardization of SBRT dose prescriptions across institutions. Materials & Methods: Dosimetric data from 1298 patients from 9 academic institutions treated with IMRT and VMAT were collected. Dose parameters D100, D98, D95, D50, and D2 were used to assess dosimetric variability. Results: Disease sites included lung (48.3 %) followed by liver (29.7 %), prostate (7.5 %), spine (6.8 %), brain (4.1 %), and pancreas (2.5 %). The PTV volume in lung varied widely with bimodality into two main groups (22.0–28.7 cm3) and (48.0–67.1 cm3). A hot spot ranging from 120-150 % was noted in nearly half of the patients, with significant variation across institutions. A D50 ≥ 110 % was found in nearly half of the institutions. There was significant dosimetric variation across institutions. Conclusions: The SBRT prescriptions in the literature or in treatment guidelines currently lack nuance and hence there is significant variation in dose prescriptions across academic institutions. These findings add greater importance to the identification of dose parameters associated with improved clinical outcome comparisons as we move towards more hypofractionated treatments. There is a need for standardized reporting to help institutions in adapting treatment protocols based on the outcome of clinical trials. Dosimetric parameters are subsequently needed for uniformity and thereby standardizing planning guidelines to maximize efficacy, mitigate toxicity, and reduce treatment disparities are urgently needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number109571
JournalRadiotherapy and Oncology
StatePublished - May 2023


  • Dose prescription and reporting
  • Dose variability
  • Homogeneity index
  • SBRT

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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