Down-regulation of TGF-β1 production restores immunogenicity in prostate cancer cells

E. Matthews, T. Yang, L. Janulis, S. Goodwin, S. D. Kundu, W. J. Karpus, C. Lee*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

The objective of this study is to determine if a non-immunogenic Dunning's rat prostate cancer cell line, MATLyLu, can become immunogenic by reducing the endogenous production of TGF-β1. An expression construct containing a DNA sequence in an antisense orientation to TGF-β1 (TGF-β1 antisense) was stably transfected into MATLyLu cells. Following transfection, cellular content of TGF-β1 reduced from 70 to 10 pg per 2 x 104 cells and the rate of in vitro 3H-thymidine incorporation increased 3-5-fold. After subcutaneous injection of tumour cells into syngeneic male hosts (Copenhagen rats), the tumour incidence was 100% (15/15) for the wild type MATLyLu cells and cells transfected with the control construct, but only 43% (9/21, P ≤ 0.05) for cells transfected with TGF-β1 antisense. However, when cells were injected into immunodeficient hosts (athymic nude rats). the incidence of tumour development was 100% (10/10) for both the wild type MATLyLu cells and cells transfected with the control construct and 90% (9/10) for cells transfected with TGF-β1 antisense. These observations support the concept that MATLyLu cells are immunogenic, when the endogenous production of TGF-β1 is down-regulated. (C) 2000 Cancer Research Campaign.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)519-525
Number of pages7
JournalBritish Journal of Cancer
Volume83
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000

Keywords

  • Host-tumour interaction
  • Immunogenicity
  • Rat prostate cancer
  • TGF-β expression
  • Tumour incidence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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