Down-regulation of the immune response to histocompatibility antigens and prevention of sensitization by skin allografts by orally administered allo antigen

Mohamed H. Sayegh, Z. Jenny Zhang, Wayne W. Hancock, Cheng A. Kwok, Charles B. Carpenter, Howard L. Weiner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

75 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effects of oral administration of major histocompatibility antigens on the alloimmune response have not been investigated. Lymphocytes from inbred LEW (RT1U) rats that were pre-fed allogeneic WF (RT11) splenocytes exhibited significant antigen specific reduction of the mixed lymphocyte response in vitro and delayed-type hypersensitivity response in vivo, when compared with unfed controls. In an accelerated allograft rejection model, LEW rats were presensitized with BN (RTln) skin allografts 7 days before challenging them with (LEWxBN)F! or BN vascularized cardiac allografts. While sensitized control animals hypera-cutely reject their cardiac allografts within 2 days, animals prefed with BN splenocytes maintained cardiac allograft survival to 7 days, a time similar to that observed in unsensitized control recipients. This phenomenon was antigen-specific, as third-party WF grafts were rejected within 2 days. Immunohistologic examination of cardiac allografts harvested on day 2 from the fed animals had markedly reduced deposition of IgG, IgM, C3, and fibrin. In addition, there were significantly fewer cellular infiltrates of total white blood cells, neutrophils, macrophages, T cells, IL-2 receptor-positive T cells, and mononuclear cells with positive staining for the activation cytokines IL-2 and IFN-g. On day 6 post-transplant, the grafts from fed animals showed immunohistologic changes typical of acute cellular rejection usually seen in unsensitized rejecting controls. Feeding allogeneic splenocytes prevents sensitization by skin grafts and transforms accelerated rejection of vascularized cardiac allografts to an acute form typical of unsensitized recipients. Oral administration of alloantigen provides a novel approach to down-regulate the specific systemic alloimmune response against histocompatibility antigens. Copyright

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)163-166
Number of pages4
JournalTransplantation
Volume53
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation

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