DQ 65-79, a peptide derived from residues 65-79 of the α-chain HLA class II molecule DQA03011, blocks T cell proliferation and induces T cell apoptosis. Using a yeast two-hybrid assay, we previously identified proliferating cell nuclear Ag (PCNA) as an intracellular ligand for DQ 65-79. In this study, we show that three regions of PCNA, residues 81-100, 121-140, and 241-261, interact with DQ 65-79. Residues 241-261 of PCNA also interact with the C terminus (residues 139-160) of the cell cycle regulator, p21, suggesting that DQ 65-79 and p21 might function similarly. We show here that DQ 65-79 competitively inhibits binding of p21 to PCNA and that both DQ 65-79 and p21 139-160 induce T cell apoptosis, suggesting that DQ 65-79 and p21 act similarly to inhibit cell growth.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy