Draft genomes of two artocarpus plants, jackfruit (A. heterophyllus) and breadfruit (A. altilis)

Sunil Kumar Sahu, Min Liu, Anna Yssel, Robert Kariba, Samuel Muthemba, Sanjie Jiang, Bo Song, Prasad S. Hendre, Alice Muchugi, Ramni Jamnadass, Shu Min Kao, Jonathan Featherston, Nyree J.C. Zerega, Xun Xu, Huanming Yang, Allen Van Deynze, Yves Van de Peer, Xin Liu, Huan Liu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Two of the most economically important plants in the Artocarpus genus are jackfruit (A. heterophyllus Lam.) and breadfruit (A. altilis (Parkinson) Fosberg). Both species are long-lived trees that have been cultivated for thousands of years in their native regions. Today they are grown throughout tropical to subtropical areas as an important source of starch and other valuable nutrients. There are hundreds of breadfruit varieties that are native to Oceania, of which the most commonly distributed types are seedless triploids. Jackfruit is likely native to the Western Ghats of India and produces one of the largest tree-borne fruit structures (reaching up to 45 kg). To-date, there is limited genomic information for these two economically important species. Here, we generated 273 Gb and 227 Gb of raw data from jackfruit and breadfruit, respectively. The high-quality reads from jackfruit were assembled into 162,440 scaffolds totaling 982 Mb with 35,858 genes. Similarly, the breadfruit reads were assembled into 180,971 scaffolds totaling 833 Mb with 34,010 genes. A total of 2822 and 2034 expanded gene families were found in jackfruit and breadfruit, respectively, enriched in pathways including starch and sucrose metabolism, photosynthesis, and others. The copy number of several starch synthesis-related genes were found to be increased in jackfruit and breadfruit compared to closely-related species, and the tissue-specific expression might imply their sugar-rich and starch-rich characteristics. Overall, the publication of high-quality genomes for jackfruit and breadfruit provides information about their specific composition and the underlying genes involved in sugar and starch metabolism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number27
JournalGenes
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2020

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Keywords

  • A. Altilis
  • A. Heterophyllus
  • Breadfruit
  • Jackfruit
  • Starch synthesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

Cite this

Sahu, S. K., Liu, M., Yssel, A., Kariba, R., Muthemba, S., Jiang, S., Song, B., Hendre, P. S., Muchugi, A., Jamnadass, R., Kao, S. M., Featherston, J., Zerega, N. J. C., Xu, X., Yang, H., Van Deynze, A., Van de Peer, Y., Liu, X., & Liu, H. (2020). Draft genomes of two artocarpus plants, jackfruit (A. heterophyllus) and breadfruit (A. altilis). Genes, 11(1), [27]. https://doi.org/10.3390/genes11010027