A quantum cyclotron is one trapped electron or positron that occupies only its lowest cyclotron and spin states. A master equation is solved for a driven quantum cyclotron with a QND (quantum nondemolition) coupling to a detection oscillator in thermal equilibrium, the latter making this an open quantum system. The predicted rate of a cyclotron and spin quantum jumps as a function of drive frequency, for a small coupling between the detection motion and its thermal reservoir, differs sharply from what has been predicted and used for past measurements. The calculation suggests a ten times more precise electron magnetic moment measurement is possible, as needed to investigate current differences between the most precise prediction of the standard model of particle physics, and the most accurate measurement of a property of an elementary particle.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics