Driving-Force Effects on the Rate of Long-Range Electron Transfer in Ruthenium-Modified Cytochrome c

Thomas J. Meade*, Harry B. Gray, Jay R. Winkler

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

128 Scopus citations


Two new Ru-modified, Zn-substituted derivatives of horse heart cytochrome c have been prepared, Rua4L(histi dine-33)-Zn-cyt c (a = NH3; L = pyridine, isonicotinamide). Molecular mechanics modeling indicates that the 11.7 Å edge-to-edge separation between the redox centers is virtually identical with that reported for the Ru-pentaammine derivative. Rates of photoinduced charge separation and recombination in Rua4L(His-33)-Zn-cyt c lie in the range of 2.0 X 105-3.3 X 106 s-1(22 °C). These kinetics, along with those already reported, provide a total of eight intramolecular electron-transfer reactions that have been measured in Ru-M-cyt c (M = Fe, Zn) at driving forces (-ΔGo) ranging from 0.18 to 1.05 eV. The variation of the rate with driving force is in general agreement with the semiclassical theory of electron-transfer reactions. Fitting the Ru-Zn-cyt c charge-separation data yields a reorganization energy (X) of 1.15 (5) eV and an electronic coupling matrix element (HAB) of 0.13 (1) cm-1. The charge-recombination data are fit with the parameters λ= 1.24 (5) eV and HAB = 0.10 (1) cm-1, and the Ru-Fe-cyt c electron-transfer rate can be described with λ = 1.2 eV and HAB= 0.03 cm-1.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4353-4356
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number12
StatePublished - Jun 1989

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • General Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry


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