We report a dual-readout, AuNP-based sandwich immunoassay for the device-free colorimetric and sensitive scanometric detection of disease biomarkers. An AuNP-antibody conjugate serves as a signal transduction and amplification agent by promoting the reduction and deposition of either platinum or gold onto its surface, generating corresponding colorimetric or light scattering (scanometric) signals, respectively. We apply the Pt-based colorimetric readout of this assay to the discovery of a novel monoclonal antibody (mAb) sandwich pair for the detection of an anthrax protective antigen (PA83). The identified antibody pair detects PA83 down to 1 nM in phosphate-buffered saline and 5 nM in human serum, which are physiologically relevant concentrations. Reducing gold rather than platinum onto the mAb-AuNP sandwich enables scanometric detection of subpicomolar PA83 concentrations, over 3 orders of magnitude more sensitive than the colorimetric readout.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry