Dynamic surface tension of surfactant TA: Experiments and theory

D. R. Otis, E. P. Ingenito, R. D. Kamm, M. Johnson*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

89 Scopus citations

Abstract

A bubble surfactometer was used to measure the surface tension of an aqueous suspension of surfactant TA as a function of bubble area over a range of cycling rates and surfactant bulk concentrations. Results of the surface tension-interfacial area loops exhibited a rich variety of phenomena, the character of which varied systematically with frequency and bulk concentration. A model was developed to interpret and explain these data and for use in describing the dynamics of surface layers under more general circumstances. Surfactant was modeled as a single component with surface tension taken to depend on only the interfacial surfactant concentration. Two distinct mechanisms were considered for the exchange of surfactant between the bulk phase and interface. The first is described by a simple kinetic relationship for adsorption and desorption that pertains only when the interfacial concentration is below its maximum equilibrium value. The second mechanism is 'squeeze-out' by which surfactant molecules are expelled from an interface compressed past a maximum packing state. The model provided good agreement with experimental measurements for cycling rates from 1 to 100 cycles/min and for bulk concentrations between 0.0073 and 7.3 mg/ml.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2681-2688
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of applied physiology
Volume77
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1994

Keywords

  • Langmuir
  • isotherm
  • modeling
  • pulmonary surfactant
  • squeeze-out

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Dynamic surface tension of surfactant TA: Experiments and theory'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this