Dynamics and instability of triple junctions of solidifying eutectics: Flow-modified morphologies

Y. J. Chen, S. H. Davis*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Fluid motions impressed upon a eutectic crystal front during directional solidification result in an increase of the lamellar spacing. This flow-induced change of microstructures is analyzed analytically to show the relationship between spacing and the operating conditions. The resulting system is a set of ordinary differential equations which describe the evolution of triple junctions. In a weak-flow regime lamellar widths at the minimum undercooling have a scaling similar to that of Jackson and Hunt, modified by the flows. When the flows are strong, a new scaling law shows that the width is proportional to one-fourth power of the imposed shear rate. Lamellar phases then tilt into the flow. Only at large morphological numbers does the minimum undercooling point corresponds to the marginal stability limit. Simulations show that the flows promote pinching of unstable lamellae.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2269-2284
Number of pages16
JournalActa Materialia
Issue number9
StatePublished - May 24 2002


  • Alloys
  • Modeling
  • Morphologies
  • Theory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys


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