Dysphagia and Dysphonia Assessment Tools after Anterior Cervical Spine Surgery

Brett D. Rosenthal*, Rueben Nair, Wellington K. Hsu, Alpesh A. Patel, Jason W. Savage

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations


The Smith-Robinson approach to the anterior cervical spine is being increasingly used, but it is not without complication. Dysphagia and dysphonia are the most common complications of the procedure. Many classification systems have been developed to stage and grade postoperative dysphagia and dysphonia, but inconsistent usage and lack of consensus adoption has limited research progress. A discussion of the merits and limitations of the most common classification systems is outlined within this review. Broad adoption of comprehensive and simple classification metrics is needed, but, first, prospective reliability and validity must be established in the anterior cervical fusion population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)363-367
Number of pages5
JournalClinical spine surgery
Issue number9
StatePublished - Oct 1 2016


  • classification
  • dysphagia
  • dysphonia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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