Dysplasia severity is associated with poor quality of life in patients with Barrett's esophagus referred for endoscopic eradication therapy

S. Han, R. Yadlapati, V. Simon, E. Ezekwe, D. S. Early, V. Kushnir, T. Hollander, B. C. Brauer, H. Hammad, S. A. Edmundowicz, M. Wood, N. J. Shaheen, R. V. Muthusamy, Srinadh Komanduri, S. Wani

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

Limited data exist regarding patient-reported outcomes and quality of life (QOL) experienced by patients with Barrett's esophagus (BE) referred for endoscopic eradication therapy (EET). Specifically, the impact of grade of dysplasia has not been explored. The purpose of this study is to measure patient-reported symptoms and QOL and identify factors associated with poor QOL in BE patients referred for EET. This was a prospective multicenter study conducted from January 2015 to October 2017, which included patients with BE referred for EET. Participants completed a set of validated questionnaires to measure QOL, symptom severity, and psychosocial factors. The primary outcome was poor QOL defined by a PROMIS score >12. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was performed to identify factors associated with poor QOL. In total, 193 patients participated (mean age 64.6 years, BE length 5.5 cm, 82% males, 92% Caucasians) with poor QOL reported in 104 (53.9%) participants. On univariate analysis, patients with poor QOL had lower use of twice daily proton pump inhibitor use (61.5% vs. 86.5%, P = 0.03), shorter disease duration (4.9 vs. 5.9 years, P = 0.04) and progressive increase in grade of dysplasia (high-grade dysplasia: 68.8% vs. 31.3%, esophageal adenocarcinoma: 75.5% vs. 24.5%, P < 0.001). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that high-grade dysplasia was independently associated with poor QOL (OR: 5.57, 95% CI: 1.05, 29.5, P = 0.04). In summary, poor QOL is experienced by the majority of patients with BE referred for EET and the degree of dysplasia was independently associated with poor QOL, which emphasizes the need to incorporate patient-centered outcomes when studying treatment of BE-related dysplasia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalDiseases of the Esophagus
Volume32
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2019

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Keywords

  • Barrett's esophagus
  • Esophageal adenocarcinoma
  • Patient preferences
  • Quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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