Early assessment of right ventricular systolic function after pediatric heart transplant

Jamie K. Harrington, Lindsay R. Freud, Kristal L. Woldu, Anna Joong, Marc E. Richmond*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

RV systolic function is important early after HT; however, it has not been critically assessed in children using quantitative measures. The aim of this study was to describe the most validated and commonly used quantitative echocardiographic measures of RV systolic function early after pediatric HT and to assess associations with qualitative function evaluation and clinical factors. RV systolic function was quantified on the first post-HT echocardiogram >24 hours after cardiopulmonary bypass using two-dimensional TAPSE, Tricuspid annular S’, FAC, and MPI. In 145 patients (median age 7.6 years), quantitative RV systolic function was markedly abnormal: mean TAPSE z-score −8.43 ± 1.89; S’ z-score −4.36 ± 1.22; FAC 24.4 ± 8.34%; and MPI 0.86 ± 0.51. Few patients had normal quantitative function: TAPSE (0%), S’ (1.2%), FAC (9.4%), and MPI (28.4%). In contrast, 48.3% were observed as normal by qualitative assessment. Most clinical factors, including diagnosis, pulmonary vascular resistance, posttransplant hemodynamics, inotropic support, and rejection, were not associated with RV function. In this large pediatric HT population, TAPSE, S’, FAC, and MPI were strikingly abnormal early post-HT despite reassuring qualitative assessment and no significant association with clinical factors. This suggests that the accepted normal values of these quantitative measures may not apply in the early post-HT period to accurately grade RV systolic function, and there may be utility in adapting a concept of normal reference values after pediatric HT.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere13286
JournalPediatric transplantation
Volume22
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2018

Keywords

  • echocardiography
  • pediatric heart transplant
  • right ventricle
  • systolic function

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

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