Early cell loss after angioplasty results in a disproportionate decrease in percutaneous gene transfer to the vessel wall

Alain Rivard, Zhengyu Luo, Harris Perlman, Jean Etienne Fabre, Thao Nguyen, Luc Maillard, Kenneth Walsh*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Acute cell loss has been documented following angioplasty of normal rat and rabbit arteries. Here we analyzed the effects of balloon injury intensity on early cellular loss in single- and double-injury models and how it influences the efficiency of percutaneous gene delivery to the vessel wall. Rabbits underwent bilateral iliac angioplasties (n = 52) with 2.5-mm (balloon-to-artery [B/A] ratio, 1.08 to 1.13) and 3.0-mm (B/A ratio, 1.29 to 1.34) balloons. In the single-injury model, the 3.0-mm balloon induced a 61% reduction in medial cellularity at 3 days postinjury (p < 0.001) while the 2.5-mm balloon did not produce significant cell loss. In the double-injury model, the effects were more pronounced, with 35% (p < 0.01) and 91% (p < 0.001) reductions in medial cellularity at 3 days with the 2.5- and 3.0-mm balloons, respectively, but neointimal cellularity was decreased only with the 3.0-mm balloon (37% reduction, p = 0.025). Adenovirus-mediated β-galactosidase gene delivery with a channel balloon (n = 24) revealed that larger balloon-to-artery ratios decreased both absolute levels and relative frequencies of transgene expression in the vessel wall. In the single-injury model, gene transfer efficiency was 4.2 ± 1.1 and 1.3 ± 0.25% (p < 0.05) for the small and large balloons, respectively. In the double-injury model, gene transfer efficiency was 6.6 ± 1.6 and 2.3 ± 0.8% (p < 0.05) in the neointima and 4.1 ± 1.2 and 2.6 ± 1.2% (p = NS) in the media for the small and large balloon, respectively, We conclude that early cell loss is dependent on the intensity of the injury in both single- and double-injury models of balloon angioplasty, with greater frequencies of cell loss occurring in the media than in the neointima. In both models, larger balloon-to-artery ratios result in disproportionate reductions in percutaneous adenovirus-mediated gene delivery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)711-721
Number of pages11
JournalHuman Gene Therapy
Volume10
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 20 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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