Early low-dose hydrocortisone: Is the neurodevelopment affected?

Gaston Ofman*, Marta Perez, Kathryn N. Farrow

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Type of investigation:: Prognosis; exploratory secondary analysis of an interventional randomized controlled trial. Question:: In extremely preterm infant (<28 weeks), is early low-dose hydrocortisone compared to placebo associated with neurodevelopmental impairment at 2 years of age? Methods:: Patients: Surviving infants enrolled in the PREMILOC trial conducted in France between 2008 and 2014. Intervention: Double-blind, multicenter, randomized, placebo-controlled trial of infants born between 24 0/7 weeks and 27 6/7 weeks of gestation and before 24 h of postnatal age, assigned to receive either placebo or low-dose hydrocortisone (0.5 mg/kg twice per day for 7 days, followed by 0.5 mg/kg per day for 3 days). Main results:: For the pre-specified exploratory outcome, the distribution of patients without neurodevelopmental impairment (73% in the hydrocortisone group vs. 70% in the placebo group), with mild neurodevelopmental impairment (20% in the hydrocortisone group vs. 18% in the placebo group), or with moderate to severe neurodevelopmental impairment (7% in the hydrocortisone group vs. 11% in the placebo group) was not found to be statistically significantly different between the two groups (p = 0.33). Qualitative assessment of patients using standardized neurological examination also was not statistically significantly different between groups (p = 0.87). Study conclusion:: In this follow-up study of premature infants who were randomly assigned at birth to receive low-dose hydrocortisone or placebo for 10 days, hydrocortisone treatment was not associated with any adverse effects on neurodevelopmental outcome at 22 months of corrected age.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)636-638
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Perinatology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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