Background: Bi-allelic mutations in the genes Parkin (PARK2), PINK1 (PARK6) and DJ-1 (PARK7) are established causes of autosomal recessive early-onset Parkinson's Disease (EOPD). PINK1 mutations are the second commonest cause of EOPD. Specific mutations may be relatively common in certain populations because of a founder effect. Homozygous p.A217D PINK1 mutations were previously shown to cause EOPD in a large Sudanese kindred. Case presentation: Here we report the segregation of homozygous PINK1 p.A217D mutations in a family originating in Morocco with a history of parental consanguinity. From the clinical information available for the index case, the phenotype of mild, slowly-progressive Parkinsonism is consistent with previous reports of p.A217D disease and of PINK1 disease phenotype more generally. The reported features of early prominent lower-limb symptoms and gait disturbance with asymmetrical onset are more frequent among PINK1 disease cases. Conclusions: Together, reports of p.A217D in families of Moroccan and Sudanese origin suggest that p.A217D is a North African mutation due to a founder effect. Wider genetic analyses of EOPD in North Africa would be useful to estimate the prevalence of Parkinsonism caused by PINK1 p.A217D. In the absence of bi-allelic Parkin mutations, PINK1 mutations should be considered in cases with evidence of autosomal recessive inheritance of EOPD and presentation of atypical features such as early lower-limb symptoms and gait disturbance with asymmetrical onset, which appear to be common in Mendelian EOPD.
- Early Onset Parkinson's Disease
- PINK1 p.A217D
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Neurology