Earth-Abundant Heterogeneous Water Oxidation Catalysts

Bryan M. Hunter, Harry B. Gray*, Astrid M. Müller

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1065 Scopus citations


Water oxidation is a key chemical transformation for the conversion of solar energy into chemical fuels. Our review focuses on recent work on robust earth-abundant heterogeneous catalysts for the oxygen-evolving reaction (OER). We point out that improvements in the performance of OER catalysts will depend critically on the success of work aimed at understanding reaction barriers based on atomic-level mechanisms. We highlight the challenge of obtaining acid-stable OER catalysts, with proposals for elements that could be employed to reach this goal. We suggest that future advances in solar fuels science will be accelerated by the development of new methods for materials synthesis and characterization, along with in-depth investigations of redox mechanisms at catalytic surfaces.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)14120-14136
Number of pages17
JournalChemical Reviews
Issue number22
StatePublished - Nov 23 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)


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