Economic insecurity and the rise in gun violence at US schools

A. R. Pah, J. Hagan, A. L. Jennings, A. Jain, K. Albrecht, A. J. Hockenberry, L. A.N. Amaral

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Abstract

Frequent school shootings are a unique US phenomenon that has defied understanding1,2. Uncovering the aetiology of this problem is hampered by the lack of an established dataset3,4. Here we assemble a carefully curated dataset for the period 1990-2013 that is built upon an exhaustive review of existing data and original sources. Using this dataset, we find that the rate of gun violence is time-dependent and that this rate is heightened from 2007 to 2013. We further find that periods of increased shooting rates are significantly correlated with increases in the unemployment rate across different geographic aggregation levels (national, regional and city). Consistent with the hypothesis that increasing uncertainty in the school-to-work transition contributes to school shootings, we find that multiple indicators of economic distress significantly correlate with increases in the rate of gun violence when events at both K12 and post-secondary schools are considered.

LanguageEnglish (US)
Article number0040
JournalNature Human Behaviour
Volume1
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 8 2017

Fingerprint

Firearms
Violence
Economics
Datasets
Unemployment
Information Storage and Retrieval
Uncertainty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Social Psychology
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

Cite this

Pah, A. R., Hagan, J., Jennings, A. L., Jain, A., Albrecht, K., Hockenberry, A. J., & Amaral, L. A. N. (2017). Economic insecurity and the rise in gun violence at US schools. Nature Human Behaviour, 1(2), [0040]. DOI: 10.1038/s41562-016-0040

Economic insecurity and the rise in gun violence at US schools. / Pah, A. R.; Hagan, J.; Jennings, A. L.; Jain, A.; Albrecht, K.; Hockenberry, A. J.; Amaral, L. A.N.

In: Nature Human Behaviour, Vol. 1, No. 2, 0040, 08.02.2017.

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Pah, AR, Hagan, J, Jennings, AL, Jain, A, Albrecht, K, Hockenberry, AJ & Amaral, LAN 2017, 'Economic insecurity and the rise in gun violence at US schools' Nature Human Behaviour, vol 1, no. 2, 0040. DOI: 10.1038/s41562-016-0040
Pah AR, Hagan J, Jennings AL, Jain A, Albrecht K, Hockenberry AJ et al. Economic insecurity and the rise in gun violence at US schools. Nature Human Behaviour. 2017 Feb 8;1(2). 0040. Available from, DOI: 10.1038/s41562-016-0040
Pah, A. R. ; Hagan, J. ; Jennings, A. L. ; Jain, A. ; Albrecht, K. ; Hockenberry, A. J. ; Amaral, L. A.N./ Economic insecurity and the rise in gun violence at US schools. In: Nature Human Behaviour. 2017 ; Vol. 1, No. 2.
@article{a9861178574f414c820567a65e233749,
title = "Economic insecurity and the rise in gun violence at US schools",
abstract = "Frequent school shootings are a unique US phenomenon that has defied understanding1,2. Uncovering the aetiology of this problem is hampered by the lack of an established dataset3,4. Here we assemble a carefully curated dataset for the period 1990-2013 that is built upon an exhaustive review of existing data and original sources. Using this dataset, we find that the rate of gun violence is time-dependent and that this rate is heightened from 2007 to 2013. We further find that periods of increased shooting rates are significantly correlated with increases in the unemployment rate across different geographic aggregation levels (national, regional and city). Consistent with the hypothesis that increasing uncertainty in the school-to-work transition contributes to school shootings, we find that multiple indicators of economic distress significantly correlate with increases in the rate of gun violence when events at both K12 and post-secondary schools are considered.",
author = "Pah, {A. R.} and J. Hagan and Jennings, {A. L.} and A. Jain and K. Albrecht and Hockenberry, {A. J.} and Amaral, {L. A.N.}",
year = "2017",
month = "2",
doi = "10.1038/s41562-016-0040",
volume = "1",
journal = "Nature Human Behaviour",
issn = "2397-3374",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Economic insecurity and the rise in gun violence at US schools

AU - Pah,A. R.

AU - Hagan,J.

AU - Jennings,A. L.

AU - Jain,A.

AU - Albrecht,K.

AU - Hockenberry,A. J.

AU - Amaral,L. A.N.

PY - 2017/2/8

Y1 - 2017/2/8

N2 - Frequent school shootings are a unique US phenomenon that has defied understanding1,2. Uncovering the aetiology of this problem is hampered by the lack of an established dataset3,4. Here we assemble a carefully curated dataset for the period 1990-2013 that is built upon an exhaustive review of existing data and original sources. Using this dataset, we find that the rate of gun violence is time-dependent and that this rate is heightened from 2007 to 2013. We further find that periods of increased shooting rates are significantly correlated with increases in the unemployment rate across different geographic aggregation levels (national, regional and city). Consistent with the hypothesis that increasing uncertainty in the school-to-work transition contributes to school shootings, we find that multiple indicators of economic distress significantly correlate with increases in the rate of gun violence when events at both K12 and post-secondary schools are considered.

AB - Frequent school shootings are a unique US phenomenon that has defied understanding1,2. Uncovering the aetiology of this problem is hampered by the lack of an established dataset3,4. Here we assemble a carefully curated dataset for the period 1990-2013 that is built upon an exhaustive review of existing data and original sources. Using this dataset, we find that the rate of gun violence is time-dependent and that this rate is heightened from 2007 to 2013. We further find that periods of increased shooting rates are significantly correlated with increases in the unemployment rate across different geographic aggregation levels (national, regional and city). Consistent with the hypothesis that increasing uncertainty in the school-to-work transition contributes to school shootings, we find that multiple indicators of economic distress significantly correlate with increases in the rate of gun violence when events at both K12 and post-secondary schools are considered.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85034616825&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85034616825&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1038/s41562-016-0040

DO - 10.1038/s41562-016-0040

M3 - Article

VL - 1

JO - Nature Human Behaviour

T2 - Nature Human Behaviour

JF - Nature Human Behaviour

SN - 2397-3374

IS - 2

M1 - 0040

ER -