Ecophysiological Study of Paraburkholderia sp. Strain 1N under Soil Solution Conditions: Dynamic Substrate Preferences and Characterization of Carbon Use Efficiency

K. Taylor Cyle, Annaleise R. Klein, Ludmilla Aristilde, Carmen Enid Martínez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

We used time-resolved metabolic footprinting, an important technical approach used to monitor changes in extracellular compound concentrations during microbial growth, to study the order of substrate utilization (i.e., substrate preferences) and kinetics of a fast-growing soil isolate, Paraburkholderia sp. strain 1N. The growth of Paraburkholderia sp. 1N was monitored under aerobic conditions in a soilextracted solubilized organic matter medium, representing a realistic diversity of available substrates and gradient of initial concentrations. We combined multiple analytical approaches to track over 150 compounds in the medium and complemented this with bulk carbon and nitrogen measurements, allowing estimates of carbon use efficiency throughout the growth curve. Targeted methods allowed the quantification of common low-molecular-weight substrates: glucose, 20 amino acids, and 9 organic acids. All targeted compounds were depleted from the medium, and depletion followed a sigmoidal curve where sufficient data were available. Substrates were utilized in at least three distinct temporal clusters as Paraburkholderia sp. 1N produced biomass at a cumulative carbon use efficiency of 0.43. The two substrates with highest initial concentrations, glucose and valine, exhibited longer usage windows, at higher biomass-normalized rates, and later in the growth curve. Contrary to hypotheses based on previous studies, we found no clear relationship between substrate nominal oxidation state of carbon (NOSC) or maximal growth rate and the order of substrate depletion. Under soil solution conditions, the growth of Paraburkholderia sp. 1N induced multiauxic substrate depletion patterns that could not be explained by the traditional paradigm of catabolite repression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-18
Number of pages18
JournalApplied and Environmental Microbiology
Volume86
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2020

Keywords

  • carbon use efficiency
  • ecophysiology, Paraburkholderia
  • nominal oxidation state of carbon
  • time-resolved metabolic footprinting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Food Science
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Ecology

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