Eculizumab in Adolescent Patients With Refractory Generalized Myasthenia Gravis: A Phase 3, Open-Label, Multicenter Study

MG 303 Study Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: This study evaluated the efficacy and safety of eculizumab, a terminal complement C5 inhibitor, in juvenile generalized myasthenia gravis (gMG). Methods: Adolescents aged 12 to 17 years with refractory anti-acetylcholine receptor (AChR) antibody-positive gMG received eculizumab (weekly induction [one to two doses of 600 mg or four doses of 900 mg] followed by maintenance doses [300 to 1200 mg] every two weeks for up to 26 weeks) in a phase 3, open-label multicenter study (NCT03759366). Change from baseline to week 26 in Quantitative Myasthenia Gravis (QMG) total score (primary end point) and secondary end points including Myasthenia Gravis-Activities of Daily Living (MG-ADL) total score, Myasthenia Gravis Composite score, Myasthenia Gravis Foundation of America postintervention status, EuroQol 5-Dimensions (Youth) and Neurological Quality-of-Life Pediatric Fatigue questionnaire scores, as well as pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and safety, were recorded. Results: Eleven adolescents (mean ± S.D. age 14.8 ± 1.8 years) were enrolled; 10 completed the primary evaluation period. Least-squares mean changes from baseline at week 26 were −5.8 (standard error [SE] 1.2; P = 0.0004) for QMG total score and −2.3 (SE 0.6; P = 0.0017) for MG-ADL total score. Overall, the primary and all secondary efficacy end point analyses met statistical significance from the first assessment and were sustained throughout. Complete terminal complement inhibition was sustained through 26 weeks in all patients. Treatment-emergent adverse events were all mild/moderate and predominantly unrelated to eculizumab. Conclusions: Eculizumab was effective in reducing disease burden and was well tolerated in adolescents with refractory AChR antibody-positive gMG.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)198-207
Number of pages10
JournalPediatric neurology
Volume156
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2024

Keywords

  • AChR Ab+ gMG
  • Adolescents
  • Eculizumab
  • Generalized myasthenia gravis
  • Phase 3

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Neurology
  • Developmental Neuroscience
  • Clinical Neurology

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