Education and informed consent about increased risk donor kidneys: A national survey of non-physician transplant providers

E. J. Gordon*, J. Mullee, N. Beauvais, E. Warren, N. Theodoropoulos, G. McNatt, J. Rassiwala, M. G. Ison

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


Introduction: Transplant providers must understand the definition of increased risk donor (IRD) organs to effectively educate transplant candidates and obtain informed consent. This study surveyed non-physician providers from 20 transplant centers about their educational and informed consent practices of IRD kidneys. Methods: An anonymous, web-based survey about the content and timing of education and informed consent for potential recipients of IRD kidneys, providers' knowledge of IRD kidneys, and provider and center characteristics was completed by most (67%; 90 of 135) of those invited to participate; 87 responses were included in analysis. Results: Most (80%) reported understanding the concept of IRD kidneys. However, few reported sufficient knowledge of the Organ Procurement and Transplantation Network definition of IRDs, risk factors, screening tests, window periods, and infection transmission rates. Most (56%) felt uncomfortable with obtaining specific informed consent for IRD kidneys. Most respondents received informal education about IRD kidneys (78%), and recognized the need for (98%) and were interested in receiving (99%) further education on this topic. Conclusion: Non-physician transplant providers need and are interested in better education about IRD kidneys to effectively educate patients and obtain patients' informed consent.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)251-260
Number of pages10
JournalTransplant Infectious Disease
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2014


  • CDC
  • Clinician
  • Education
  • Ethics
  • HBV
  • HCV
  • HIV
  • Infectious disease transmission
  • Informed consent
  • Kidney transplantation
  • OPTN-increased risk
  • Safety
  • Training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Transplantation


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