EEG evolution in Sturge-Weber syndrome

Eric H. Kossoff*, Catherine D. Bachur, Angela M. Quain, Joshua B. Ewen, Anne M. Comi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

The EEG in Sturge-Weber syndrome (SWS) was theorized over 50 years ago as changing over time from normality to focal asymmetry to lastly epileptiform. We sought to validate these findings in a larger cohort today. Children with confirmed SWS and routine EEG at our center were evaluated retrospectively. An EEG score (0-3) was created and linked to patient current age, overall neurologic function, and seizure frequency. Eighty-one EEGs from 44 patients with SWS (mean age 2.0 years (range: 0.2-37.9 years)) were evaluated and assigned an EEG score. The mean age for patients with an EEG score of 0-1 (normal or focal slowing) was 3.2 years (SEM 0.6), whereas those with an EEG score of 2-3 (focal sharp waves or frequent spike-wave bursts) was 8.7 years (SEM 1.7) (p= 0.006). There was no correlation between the EEG score and either the SWS overall neuroscore or seizure subscore (measuring frequency). The EEG in patients with SWS does appear to evolve over time, becoming more abnormal with more frequent epileptiform activity, as suspected in smaller studies decades ago. This progressive change, however, did not correlate with the child's neurologic function or seizure frequency.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)816-819
Number of pages4
JournalEpilepsy Research
Volume108
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Asymmetry
  • Children
  • EEG
  • Epilepsy
  • Sturge-Weber

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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