Effect and mechanism of epidermal growth factor on proliferation of GL15 gliomas cell line

Heping Wang, Dongsheng Guo, Fei Ye, Guifa Xi, Baofeng Wang, Jian Chen, Ting Lei

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effects of epidermal growth factor (EGF) on proliferation of G15 glioma cells and the possible mechanisms were investigated. GFAP and EGFR expression was detected by immunohistochemical method. After the cells were treated with EGF at different concentrations, cell count method was used to determine the proliferation of glioma cells, cell cycle and apoptosis were analyzed by flow cytometry (FCM), and laser scan confocal microscope (LSCM) was used to measure the cytoplasmic free calcium. The results showed that GFAP was diffusedly expressed in GL15 cells and EGFR was over-expressed. EGF at doses of < or =1 ng/mL could significantly stimulate cell proliferation, cells in phase G0/G1 decreased, and those in phase S increased. EGF at doses of 10 and 100 ng/ml could inhibit the cell proliferation significantly, and the apoptosis ratio in high dose of EGF group was higher than in control group. EGF could significantly induce a quick rise of intracellular free calcium, but the peak value of intracellular free calcium activated by high dose of EGF was higher than by low dose of EGF. It was suggested that EGF had a dual effect on gliomas: low dose of EGF could stimulate the cell proliferation of gliomas, but high dose of EGF could induce the cell apoptosis and inhibit the proliferation of gliomas, which might be contributed to the difference of intracellular free calcium.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Genetics

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