Effect of arm dominance on long-latency stabilizing reflex gain during posture

Elise H.E. Walker*, Eric J. Perreault

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Handedness has been proposed as a laterality of motor control specialization: the dominant limb specializes in controlling limb trajectory using feed-forward mechanisms, while the non-dominant limb is specialized for position control, reliant largely upon feedback mechanisms. Experimental motor control research has tended to use the dominant arm, which could bias our understanding of control toward dominant-sided mechanisms. To determine if this is the case for our work on rapid motor responses, we here investigate the effect of laterality on long-latency reflexes, which are a rapid feedback response to perturbations of limb posture. Our results confirm previous work showing that environmental instabilities increase long-latency reflex gain, but we did not observe any difference between the dominant and non-dominant arm. Both arms displayed similar reflex responses during a stabilizing postural task, despite the proposed advantage of the non-dominant side for position feedback control. This suggests that the lateralized specialization of motor control is confined to different cortical pathways than those involved in this reflex response.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2014 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2014
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages4075-4078
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781424479290
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2 2014
Event2014 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2014 - Chicago, United States
Duration: Aug 26 2014Aug 30 2014

Publication series

Name2014 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2014

Other

Other2014 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2014
CountryUnited States
CityChicago
Period8/26/148/30/14

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Biomedical Engineering

Cite this

Walker, E. H. E., & Perreault, E. J. (2014). Effect of arm dominance on long-latency stabilizing reflex gain during posture. In 2014 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2014 (pp. 4075-4078). [6944519] (2014 36th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2014). Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1109/EMBC.2014.6944519