Effect of delaying surgery on radical prostatectomy outcomes: A contemporary analysis

Ruslan Korets, Catherine M. Seager, Max S. Pitman, Gregory W. Hruby, Mitchell C. Benson, James M. McKiernan*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: • To examine the effect of time from last positive biopsy to surgery on clinical outcomes in men with localized prostate cancer undergoing radical prostatectomy (RP). PATIENTS AND METHODS: • We conducted a retrospective review of 2739 men who underwent RP between 1990 and 2009 at our institution. • Clinical and pathological features were compared between men undergoing RP ≤ 60, 61-90 and >90 days from the time of prostate biopsy. • A Cox proportional hazards model was used to analyse the association between clinical features and surgical delay with biochemical progression. Biochemical recurrence (BCR)-free rates were assessed using the Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS: • Of the 1568 men meeting the inclusion criteria, 1098 (70%), 303 (19.3%) and 167 (10.7%) had a delay of ≤ 60, 61-90 and >90 days, respectively, between biopsy and RP. A delay of >60 days was not associated with adverse pathological findings at surgery. • The 5-year survival rate was similar among the three groups (78-85%, P=0.11). • In a multivariate Cox model, men with higher PSA levels, clinical stages, Gleason sums, and those of African-American race were all at higher risk for developing BCR. • A delay to surgery of >60 days was not associated with worse biochemical outcomes in a univariate and multivariate model. CONCLUSIONS: • A delay of >60 days is not associated with adverse pathological outcomes in men with localized prostate cancer, nor does it correlate with worse BCR-free survival. • Patients can be assured that delaying treatment while considering therapeutic options will not adversely affect their outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)211-216
Number of pages6
JournalBJU International
Volume110
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2012

Keywords

  • Disease progression
  • Prostatic neoplasm/pathology
  • Prostatic neoplasm/surgery
  • Time factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology

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