Effect of duodenal ulcerogens mepirizole and propionitrile on small intestinal and liver alkaline phosphatase activity in rats

I. Japundzic*, E. Levi, L. S. Rakic-Stojiljkovic

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Duodenal ulcer could be induced in rats by a single subcutaneous injection of the anti-inflammatory agent mepirizole (M) or by the alkyl chemical propionitrile (P). Contrary to M, P provokes HCl hypersecretion as well. We used these animal models of duodenal ulcer to study the preulcerogenic molecular changes in the mucosal cells and their causal relationship to HCl hypersecretion. It was found that M and P induced the dose- and time-dependent decrease of duodenal alkaline phosphatase (DAP) activity. The decrease was detected at 4 h, with a nadir at 12 h after the injection of both drugs. The decrease of alkaline phosphatase activity was organ-specific after P administration and it was even regional-specific along the small intestine after M administration. At the level of mucosal cells of duodenum the effect of the ulcerogens was enzyme-selective. Both ulcerogens decreased protein and alkaline phosphatase activities; however, they had no effect on lysosomal acid phosphatase. Contrary to cysteamine (C), the effect of M and P on DAP depletion could not be reproduced under in vitro conditions. An interference of P and a slight additive effect of C on DAP depletion after simultaneous subcutaneous administration with M to the rats was found. The results indicate that the DAP depletion after in vivo administration of the three duodenal ulcerogens could be provoked by at least two different mechanisms. The decrease of DAP activity seems to be a general property of the duodenal ulcerogens independent of their effects on gastric acid secretion or on the suppression of alkaline secretion in the duodenum. As a late molecular event most probably elicited by the early morphological changes, the decrease of DAP activity could rather be related to ulcer healing than to its pathogenesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)61-70
Number of pages10
JournalDigestion
Volume47
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1990

Keywords

  • alkaline phosphatase
  • cysteamine
  • duodenal ulcer
  • mepirizole
  • propionitrile

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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