Effect of grain-boundary θ-Al2Cu precipitates on tensile and compressive creep properties of cast Al–Cu–Mn–Zr alloys

Sumit Bahl*, Jovid U. Rakhmonov, Christoph Kenel, David C. Dunand, Amit Shyam

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Tensile and compressive creep tests were performed at 300 °C on high-temperature Al–Cu–Mn–Zr (ACMZ) alloys with 6 wt% Cu (6Cu) and 9 wt% Cu (9Cu) to evaluate the effect on creep properties of micron-size θ-Al2Cu intergranular precipitates. For compressive creep, the increased volume fraction of θ-precipitates at grain boundaries (from ∼0.7% in 6Cu to ∼ 6% in 9Cu) does not affect deformation rates across the investigated stress range of 15–110 MPa, consistent with creep being controlled by submicron θ′-Al2Cu precipitates within grains, whose size and fractions are the same in both alloys. In contrast, for tensile creep, 9Cu creeps faster than 6Cu at stresses above 20 MPa, and this difference increases with the stress level. This discrepancy between tensile and compressive creep behavior is explained by cavitation during tensile creep, which is favored by higher volume fraction and larger size of intergranular θ precipitates in 9Cu. Conversely, larger precipitates impede cavity linkage resulting in improved creep ductility of 9Cu as compared to 6Cu at 300 °C.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number142946
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering A
Volume840
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 18 2022

Keywords

  • Al-Cu alloys
  • Cavitation
  • Creep
  • Intergranular precipitates
  • θ-AlCu

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

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