Effect of infiltration on performance of Ni-YSZ fuel electrodes

Scott A. Barnett, Beom Kyeong Park, Roberto Scipioni

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Scopus citations


Ni-YSZ electrodes for solid oxide cells (SOCs) can have a diverse range of compositions, porosities, and particle sizes - factors that impact electrochemical performance. A typical Ni-YSZ structure in an anode-supported cell fired at 1400oC has feature sizes of ~ 0.5 µm that yield desirably low polarization resistance values < 0.1 Ω cm2 at 800oC in H2-H2O fuel, along with good stability. Decreasing feature size increases three-phase boundary density, thereby reducing polarization resistance and improving low-temperature cell performance. However, the feature size that can be reached in anode-supported cells is limited by the relatively high co-firing temperature. Furthermore, decreased feature sizes can exacerbate coarsening effects that degrade performance. This paper discusses an alternative method for enhancing the low-temperature performance of Ni-YSZ anodes - infiltration of Gd-doped Ceria (GDC). Since GDC is introduced after the high-temperature firing, nano-scale particles can be achieved. A single-step GDC infiltration into Ni-YSZ is studied with different solution concentrations. The optimal infiltration is found to reduce polarization resistance by a factor of 3 times at 600oC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSolid Oxide Fuel Cells 16, SOFC 2019
EditorsK. Eguchi, S. C. Singhal
PublisherElectrochemical Society Inc.
Number of pages7
ISBN (Electronic)9781607688747
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019
Event16th International Symposium on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, SOFC 2019 - Kyoto, Japan
Duration: Sep 8 2019Sep 13 2019

Publication series

NameECS Transactions
ISSN (Print)1938-6737
ISSN (Electronic)1938-5862


Conference16th International Symposium on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells, SOFC 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

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