Effect of jet direction on pulmonary venous flow: Importance for estimation of mitral regurgitation by venous flow pattern

Min Pu, Brian P. Griffin, Lawrence Baruch, Christian S. Breburda, James D. Thomas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Although previous studies showed that pulmonary venous (PV) flow could be used for assessing mitral regurgitant (MR) severity, variable clinical results have been observed. Fluid dynamic simulation showed that jet direction may impact PV flow, but clinical data are lacking. We prospectively studied 32 patients (pts) with MR. The left and right upper PV flows were recorded by transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). Peak systolic PV velocity (SPV), systolic velocity-time integral (SVTI), diastolic velocity-time integral (DVTI), systolic to diastolic velocity (S/D) ratio and systolic to diastolic velocity-time integral (SVTI/DVTI) ratio were measured. MR jet was mapped by multiplane color Doppler TEE. Effects of jet direction on PV flow were classified into 1) Jet towards PV; 2) Jet not towards PV. Results: SPV(cm/s) S/D SVTI SVTIDVTI Jet not towards PV 5±43 0.30±1.14 2.23±6.1 0.37±1.03 Jet towards PV -33±56* -0.67±1.47* -3.20±7.9* -0.24±1.31* Systolic PV flow was decreased more significantly in PV with the jet towards them than in the others (table *p<0.001). Estimation of MR by S/D and SVTI/DVTI ratios was more severe in pts with jet towards PV than those without. Most of patients with reversal flow pattern had jet either towards or entering PV. Conclusions: Jet direction significantly impacts PV flow. Variable PV flow may result from different jet direction. This local factor should be considered when pulmonary venous flow pattern is used to estimate MR severity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Number of pages1
JournalJournal of the American Society of Echocardiography
Volume10
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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