Effect of Medicaid managed care on pregnancy complications

Denise M. Oleske*, Edward S. Linn, Karen L. Nachman, Robert J. Marder, Judith A. Sangl, Terrence Smith

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: This study examined the impact of managed care on hospital obstetric outcomes in Medicaid-sponsored women.Methods: The study sample consisted of a total of 525,517 maternal deliveries for singleton births from three payer groups, Medicaid managed care, Medicaid fee-for-service, and private managed care in 439 short-term-stay nonfederal hospitals in California and Florida. Quality of care comparisons were made using six indicators. Data were derived from linked computer files of birth certificates, hospital discharge abstracts, Medicaid eligibility records, Medicaid health care claims, and surveys of hospital characteristics.Results: The overall multivariate likelihood of an adverse maternal outcome during hospitalization for a delivery was not significantly different between Medicaid managed care and Medicaid fee-for-service groups in California and Florida. However, mothers in the Medicaid managed care group compared with mothers in the private managed care group experienced a higher likelihood of eclampsia (California) (adjusted odds ratio = 1.26; 95% confidence interval 1.05, 1.57; P = .04).Conclusion: Overall, managed care has not adversely affected pregnancy outcomes in Medicaid-sponsored women. Yet, payer system changes may be insufficient to achieve complete parity of outcomes relative to private managed care patients. Copyright (C) 2000 The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6-13
Number of pages8
JournalObstetrics and gynecology
Volume95
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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