Effect of ply dispersion on failure characteristics of multidirectional laminates

B. T. Werner*, J. D. Schaefer, I. M. Daniel

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

4 Scopus citations


The influence of layer thickness and ply interdispersion was investigated on the failure characteristics of multidirectional laminates. The composite material investigated was a high strength carbon fiber composite with a toughened epoxy matrix (IM7/8552). The basic unidirectional material was fully characterized in a previous study under static and dynamic loading conditions. In this study the investigation was extended to angle-ply laminates with varying layer thickness while including the effects of residual stresses. Intralaminar and interlaminar failure mechanisms were observed and found to be strongly related to the layer thickness for the same layup. For thin layer thicknesses failure modes included fiber breaks resulting in higher ultimate strengths. For thicker layers consisting of multiple stacked parallel plies, more matrix dominated intralaminar and interlaminar failures were observed resulting in lower ultimate strengths. This trend reaches a lower limiting plateau as the layer thickness increases. Failure modes and ultimate strengths were further investigated as a function of strain rate. All results were evaluated by the recently developed Northwestern (NU) failure theory.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationExperimental Mechanics of Composite, Hybrid, and Multifunctional Materials - Proceedings of the 2013 Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics
Number of pages7
StatePublished - 2014
Event2013 Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics - Lombard, IL, United States
Duration: Jun 3 2013Jun 5 2013

Publication series

NameConference Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics Series
ISSN (Print)2191-5644
ISSN (Electronic)2191-5652


Other2013 Annual Conference on Experimental and Applied Mechanics
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityLombard, IL

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Computational Mechanics
  • Mechanical Engineering


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