Prostaglandin (PG) D2 and PGI2 were evaluated to determine their effect on pulmonary function parameters when aerosolized in anesthetized rhesus monkeys. PGD2 resulted in an increase in frequency (f) and pulmonary resistance (RL) and a decrease in peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR), tidal volume (VT), and dynamic compliance (Cdyn), with the major effect on RL. PGI2 primarily effected an increase in f and a decrease in PEFR and VT. PGI2 had a variable effect, generally a decrease, on RL. The metabolite of PGI2, 6-keto-PGF1α, had no effect on the rhesus airway. PGF2α responses were similar to PGD2 except that the PGF2α produced a less strikingly consistent increase in RL. When PGI2 and PGD2 were aerosolized simultaneously, they simulated previously described antigen responses. Further, PGI2 plus PGD2 produced an airway response at 1 10 the concentration of either agent alone.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy