Effect of repeated administration of phencyclidine on spatial performance in an eight-arm radial maze with delay in rats and mice

Zhu Li*, Chan H. Kim, Junji Ichikawa, Herbert Y. Meltzer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations


Phencyclidine (PCP) is an N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) glutamate receptor channel noncompetitive antagonist that produces some of the symptoms of schizophrenia, including delusions, hallucinations, and negative symptoms as well as cognitive impairment. Thus, administration of PCP to rodents and nonhuman primates has been suggested to provide a potential animal model for schizophrenia. There have been some reports that 7-14 days of PCP administration can bring about enduring impairments in working memory in rodents but not all studies have been consistent in this regard. The present study determined whether repeated PCP administration impaired spatial performance in rats or mice trained to make minimal errors in an eight-arm radial maze task with a delay. Male Sprague-Dawley rats and C57BL/6J mice received 14 daily injection of vehicle or PCP (10 mg/kg, sc) followed by a withdrawal period of 1 week. The number of arm reentry errors and the distance traveled to complete the task were not significantly different between PCP-treated and vehicle-treated rats on 2, 8, and 14 days of PCP administration or 8 days following withdrawal of PCP. Mice treated with PCP for up to 2 weeks also had no significant differences in the number of arm reentry errors, travel distances, the numbers of visits to different arms during the first eight choices, or latencies to take all eight pellets compared to the vehicle-treated group. Thus, the present study failed to demonstrate that repeated administration of PCP to rats or mice produces enduring memory impairment. Factors potentially contributing to the discrepancies between various studies are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)335-340
Number of pages6
JournalPharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior
Issue number2
StatePublished - May 2003


  • Eight-arm radial maze
  • Phencyclidine (PCP)
  • Schizophrenia
  • Working memory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Behavioral Neuroscience


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