Effect of the Cox maze procedure on the secretion of atrial natriuretic peptide

K. B. Kim*, C. H. Lee, C. H. Kim, Y. J. Cha, James Lewis Cox, T. E. David, Y. Kosakai, C. M. Wei

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: The Cox maze procedure has been confirmed to be effective in curing atrial fibrillation. Some authors have reported severe fluid retention after the Cox maze procedure and have suggested decreased secretion of atrial natriuretic peptide as a possible mechanism. This study was designed (1) to examine the serial changes in atrial natriuretic peptide after the Cox maze procedure as compared with changes occurring after coronary artery bypass grafting and (2) to elucidate any differences in atrial natriuretic peptide levels between patients with transient recurrence of atrial fibrillation after the Cox maze procedure and those without recurrence of atrial fibrillation. Methods: Blood samples were drawn from the right and left atria in patients undergoing the Cox maze procedure (n = 19) and from the right atrium in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (n = 6) before and 1, 2, and 3 days after the operation. In six patients undergoing the Cox maze procedure, samples were also drawn from the radial artery before and 1, 2, 3, 5, and 7 days after the operation. The plasma samples were prepared by refrigerated centrifugation and stored until radioimmunoassay. In the Cox maze procedure group, atrial natriuretic peptide levels in the right atrium were 629 ± 366, 154 ± 112, 162 ± 112, and 183 ± 97 pg/ml and those in the left atrium were 276 ± 168, 152 ± 91, 162 ± 111, and 145 ± 80 pg/ml before and 1, 2, and 3 days after the operation, respectively. A marked decrease in atrial natriuretic peptide levels was evident after the Cox maze procedure (p < 0.001). There was no significant correlation between atrial natriuretic peptide levels and atrial pressures after the Cox maze procedure, which suggests that secretion of atrial natriuretic peptide by the atria was impaired. There was a significant correlation between the atrial natriuretic peptide levels in the left atrium and those in the peripheral radial artery, and the decreased levels of atrial natriuretic peptide in the radial artery continued for 7 days after the Cox maze procedure. There were no differences in the atrial natriuretic peptide levels between the patients with transient recurrence of atrial fibrillation (n = 6) and those without recurrence (n = 13) after the Cox maze procedure. In the coronary artery bypass grafting group, the atrial natriuretic peptide levels in the right atrium were 115 ± 37, 124 ± 48, 154 ± 54, and 156 ± 36 pg/ml before and 1, 2, and 3 days after the operation, respectively. No change was seen after the operation. Conclusions: We observed a significant decrease in atrial natriuretic peptide levels after the Cox maze procedure. This may be one of the possible causes of fluid retention after this procedure. These decreased atrial natriuretic peptide levels after the Cox maze procedure may result from the multiple atriotomy incisions and excision of both atrial auricles performed during the procedure, rather than from the conversion of atrial fibrillation to normal sinus rhythm.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)139-147
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Volume115
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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