Effect of the Fit2Thrive Intervention on Patient-reported Outcomes in Breast Cancer Survivors: A Randomized Full Factorial Trial

Payton Solk, Jing Song, Whitney A. Welch, Bonnie Spring, David Cella, Frank Penedo, Ron Ackermann, Kerry S. Courneya, Juned Siddique, Hannah Freeman, Julia Starikovsky, Abby Mishory, Jacqueline Alexander, Melanie Wolter, Lillian Carden, Siobhan M. Phillips

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Background: Moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) interventions improve patient-reported outcomes (PROs) of physical and psychological health among breast cancer survivors (BCS); however, the effects of specific intervention components on PROs are unknown. Purpose: To use the Multiphase Optimization Strategy (MOST) to examine overall effects of the Fit2Thrive MVPA promotion intervention on PROs in BCS and explore whether there are intervention component-specific effects on PROs. Methods: Physically inactive BCS [n = 269; Mage = 52.5 (SD = 9.9)] received a core intervention (Fitbit + Fit2Thrive smartphone app) and were randomly assigned to one of 32 conditions in a full factorial experiment of five components ("on"vs. "off"): (i) support calls, (ii) deluxe app, (iii) text messages, (iv) online gym, and (v) buddy. Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS) questionnaires assessed anxiety, depression, fatigue, physical functioning, sleep disturbance and sleep-related impairment at baseline, post-intervention (12-week), and 24-week follow-up. Main effects for all components at each time point were examined using an intention to treat mixed-effects model. Results: All PROMIS measures except sleep disturbance significantly improved (p's <. 008 for all) from baseline to 12-weeks. Effects were maintained at 24-weeks. The "on"level of each component did not result in significantly greater improvements on any PROMIS measure compared to the "off"level. Conclusions: Participation in Fit2Thrive was associated with improved PROs in BCS, but improvements did not differ for "on"vs. "off"levels for any component tested. The low-resource Fit2Thrive core intervention is a potential strategy to improve PROs among BCS. Future studies should test the core in an RCT and examine various intervention component effects in BCS with clinically elevated PROs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)765-776
Number of pages12
JournalAnnals of Behavioral Medicine
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1 2023


  • Cancer survivorship
  • Patient-reported outcome measures
  • Physical activity
  • mHealth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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